2 By 4 Houses and Construction - Pros and Cons 2 by 4 houses have been about for a while, and thus widespread may be the name "2 by 4″ that there are not many those who haven't at the very least learned about it before and determine what it can be. However, the 2 main by 4 itself is simply the name in the dimensional lumber, though rapid ejaculation often for this construction method of the same name.
The 2 by 4 construction method may be the system of house-framing in which they will use - when you probably guessed - 2 by 4s, as well as other "2-by" lumber like 2 by 6, and two by 8. The difference between the 2 main by 4 method and other more fliers and other modes could be that the former primarily uses shear walls or structural diaphragms to resist lateral loads even though the latter often uses only diagonal bracing, or a combination of both.
For people that aren't acquainted with how 2 by 4 houses are created, I'll explain some in the basics as well as the primary differences between them plus much more conventional houses:
2 by 4 - Shear wall panels are (usually, however, not always) pre-assembled offsite, labeled as outlined by an accompanying diagram, then transported towards the building site where they may be used in their respective positions. fake brick wall covering interior in many cases are made in sizes in ways that one individual can come up it and move it around. Wall panels are generally made with or without their diaphragm just before placing into actual position based on transport and handling restraints.
Conventional - Wall studs are inserted between main posts or columns, and plywood (or equivalent) is nailed or otherwise not fastened for them after the fact.
2 by 4 - The nail pitch in the structural plywood which is nailed to both the by 4 studs is typically 75 millimeters around the perimeter and 150 millimeters down the center stud. This is assuming the standard wall panel width of 910 millimeters (center to center of outer studs) with 2 by 4s going throughout the perimeter as well as a single stud going around the center at 455 millimeters.
Conventional - While there tend to be sections from the house that incorporate shear walls to resist lateral loads, because they walls aren't the alpha and omega in terms from the structural integrity from the house, the nail pitch is normally about 100 millimeters throughout the perimeter contributing to 150 or 200 millimeters down the center stud.
2 by 4 - Wall panels are developed with structural plywood on the outer face, with sheetrock eventually finding its way towards the inner, interior face. Because 2 by 4 houses rely so heavily on his or her shear walls for structural integrity, even the fastening with the sheetrock boards on the interior face with the wall studs is factored in the required shear strength with the final structure. Consequently, sheetrock board screws also have a screw pitch of 75 millimeters, and so are necessary to be staggered from screws of adjacent sheetrock boards to maximise the structural integrity and holding power in the wall stud.
Conventional - Sheetrock screw pitch is approximately 200 millimeters - only what's necessary to maintain your board fastened stiffly towards the wall studs as it has no structural requirements.
All in most, 2 by 4 houses have proven themselves to become structurally sound and just about the only sort of all-wooden structure that may be built higher than 2 floors - even if this ultimately depends around the shape and floor with the first floor. The question of if they should use or otherwise to utilize the 2 main by 4 method depends on several factors.
- You'll need sufficient, sheltered area to pre-assemble the wall panels and store them until you're ready to transport them to the building site. Transport vehicles really should have an on-board crane in which to unload the wall panels directly to the surface from the first floor.
- You'll also desire a crane or wrecker competent at placing wall panels on the second floor (truck's on-board crane probably will not be sufficient) - if you do not have adequate man-power to do this without heavy machinery.